THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE READ CAREFULLY.
Understanding Your Health Record Information
Each time you visit a health care facility or a member of your health care team provides care or treatment, a record of your visit or treatment is made. Typically, this record contains your symptoms, examination, test results, diagnosis, treatment, and a plan for future care or treatment. This information, often referred to as your health or medical record, serves as a
- Basis for planning your care and treatment
- Means of communication between the many health professionals who contribute to your care
- Legal document describing the care you received
- Means by which you or a third party payer can verify that services billed were actually provided
- Tool in educating health professionals
- Source of data for medical research
- Source of information for public health officials who oversee the delivery of health care in the United States and Michigan
- Source of data for facility planning and marketing
- Tool with which we can assess and continually work to improve the care we render and the outcomes we achieve
Understanding what is in your record and how your health information is used helps you to: ensure its accuracy, better understand who, what, where, when and why others may access your health information, and make more informed decisions when authorizing disclosure to others.
Our Facility is required to:
- Maintain the privacy of your health information
- Provide you with a notice as to our legal duties and privacy practices with respect to information we collect and maintain about you
- Abide by the terms of this notice
- Notify you if we are unable to agree to a requested restriction
- Accommodate reasonable requests you may have to communicate health information by alternative means or at alternative locations.
We reserve the right to change our privacy practices and to make new provisions effective for all protected health information we maintain. Should our privacy information practices change, we will promptly mail you or your designated representative a revised notice.
We will not use or disclose your health information without your authorization, except as described in this notice.
How We Will Use or Disclose Your Health Information
- Treatment. We will use your health information for treatment. For example, information obtained by a nurse, physician, or other member of your health care team will be recorded in your record and used to determine the course of treatment that should work best for you. Your physician will document in your record his or her expectations of the members of your health care team. Members of your health care team will then record the actions they took and their observations. In that way, the physician will know how you are responding to treatment. We will also provide your physician or a subsequent health care provider with copies of various reports that should assist him or her in treating you once you are discharged from our Facility.
- Health Care Operations. We will use your health information for regular health operations. For example, members of the medical staff, the risk or quality improvement manager, or members of the quality improvement team may use information in your health record to assess the care and outcomes in your case and others like it. This information will then be used in an effort to continually improve the quality and effectiveness of the health care and service we provide.
- Business Associates. There are some services provided in our organization through contacts with business associates. Examples include accountants, consultants and attorneys. When these services are contracted, we may disclose your health information to our business associates so that they can perform the job we have asked them to do. To protect your health information, however, we require the business associates to appropriately safeguard your information to prevent use or disclosure of the information other than as permitted or required by the contract.
- Directory. Unless you notify us that you object, we may use your name, location in the facility, general condition, and religious affiliation for directory purposes. This information may be provided to members of the clergy and, except for religious affiliation, to other people who ask for you by name. We may also use your name on a nameplate next to or on your door in order to identify your room, unless you notify us that you object.
- Notification. We may use or disclose information to notify or assist in notifying a family member, personal representative, or another person responsible for your care, of your location and general condition. If we are unable to reach your family member or personal representative, then we may leave a message for them at the phone number that they have provided use, e.g. on an answering machine.
- Communication with Family. Health professionals, using their best judgment, may disclose to a family member, other relative, close personal friend or any other person you identify, health information relevant to that person’s involvement in your care or payment related to your care.
- Research. We may disclose information to researchers when their research has been approved by an institutional review board that has reviewed the research proposal and established protocols to ensure the privacy of your health information.
- Funeral Directors. We may disclose health information to funeral directors and coroners to carry out their duties consistent with applicable law.
- Organ Procurement Organizations. Consistent with applicable law, we may disclose health information to organ procurement organizations or other entities engaged in the procurement, banking, or transplantation of organs for the purpose of facilitating organ, eye and tissue donation and transplantation.
- Marketing. We may contact you to provide appointment reminders or information about treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.
- Fundraising. We may contact you or your designated representative as part of a fundraising effort.
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We may disclose to the FDA health information relative to adverse events with respect to food, supplements, product and product defects, or post marketing surveillance information to enable product recalls, repairs, or placement.
- Workers’ Compensation. We may disclose health information to the extent authorized by and to the extent necessary to comply with laws relating to workers’ compensation or other similar programs established by law.
- Public Health. As required by law, we may disclose your health information to public health or legal authorities charged with preventing or controlling disease, injury or disability.
- Correctional Institution. Should you be an inmate of a correctional institution, we may disclose to the institution or agents thereof health information necessary for your health and the health and safety of other individuals.
- Law Enforcement. We may disclose health information for law enforcement purposes as required by law or in response to a valid subpoena.
- Reports. Federal law makes provision for your health information to be released to an appropriate health oversight agency, public health authority or attorney, provided that a work force member or business associate believes in good faith that we have engaged in unlawful conduct or have otherwise violated professional or clinical standards and are potentially endangering one or more patients, workers or the public.
- Judicial and Administrative Proceedings. We may use or disclose your health information to courts or administrative agencies charged with the authority to hear and resolve lawsuits or disputes. We may disclose your health information pursuant to a court order, a subpoena, a discovery request, or other lawful process issued by a judge or other person involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to (i) notify you of the request for disclosure or (ii) obtain an order protecting your health information.
Your Health Information Rights
Although your health record is the physical property of this Facility, the information in your health record belongs to you. You have the following rights:
- You or your representative may request that we not use or disclose your health information for a particular reason related to treatment, payment, the Facility’s general health care operations, and/or to a particular family member, other relative or close personal friend. We ask that such request be made in writing on a form provided by our facility. The form must be signed and dated by you or your representative. Although we will consider your request, please be aware that we are under no obligation to accept it or to abide by it. For more information about this right, see 45 Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R) § 164.522 (a).
- If you are dissatisfied with the manner in which or the location where you are receiving communications from us that are related to your health information, you may request that we provide you with such information by alternative means or at alternative locations. Such a request must be made in writing, and submitted to FACILITY NAME. We will attempt to accommodate all reasonable requests. For more information about this rights, see 45 C.F.R. § 164.522 (b).
- You or your representative may request to inspect and/or obtain copies of health information about you, which will be provided to you in the time frames established by law. If you request copies, we will charge you a reasonable fee for the cost of supplies for and labor of copying and postage if the copies are to be mailed to your designated representative. For more information about this right, see 45 C.F.S. § 164.524.
- If you believe that any health information in your record is incorrect or if you believe that important information is missing, you may request that we correct the existing information or add the missing information. Such requests must be made in writing, and must provide a reason to support the amendment. We ask that you use the form provided by our Facility to make such requests. For the request form, please contact the Privacy Officer. For more information about this right, see 45 C.F.S. § 164.528.
- You or your representative have the right to obtain a paper copy of our Notice of Information Practices upon request, even if you have previously agreed to receive the Notice electronically.
- You may revoke an authorization to use or disclose health information, except to the extent that action has already been taken. Such a request must be made in writing.
For More Information or to Report a Problem
If you have questions and would like additional information, you may contact our Facility’s Privacy Officer at FACILITY NAME.
If you believe that your privacy rights have been violated, you or your representative may file a complaint with us. These complaints must be filed in writing, either on paper or electronically, on a form provided by our Facility. The complaint form may be obtained from FACILITY NAME and when completed should be returned to FACILITY NAME. You or your representative may also file a complaint with the secretary of the federal Department of Health and Human Services. There will be no discrimination, intimidation or retaliation to you or your representative for filing a complaint.